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Metrorrhagia: Abnormal Female Bleeding

Metrorragia, es una hemorragia o sangrado vaginal producido en el útero, que se da fuera del período menstrual femenino

Metrorragia, Sangrado Anormal Femenino, MSN Doctor Noticias

Metrorrhagia, is a vaginal bleeding or bleeding produced in the uterus, which occurs outside the female menstrual period. This gynecological imbalance is developed by hormonal dysfunction. This irregular bleeding is a very common problem among teenagers who start having their menstrual period, and women who are beginning the menopause stage.

Metrorragia, Sangrado Anormal Femenino, MSN Doctor Noticias


These types of pathologies are due to different reasons, most of them hormonal. This is not considered a disease, but it occurs as a result of other diseases, both gynecological in origin and of different organs of the body. Between the different  causing metrorrhagia, we have:

  • Endometrial hyperplasia:  The endometrium, which is a mucous layer that covers the uterus, enlarges its size, which is why it bleeds; this is produced by  high estrogen levels  Y  low progesterone levels.

  • Uterine cancer:  This type of bleeding can be caused by cervical tumors and cancer such as uterine, which occurs a lot in women over 40 years of age.

  • Ectopic pregnancy:  In this pregnancy, the embryo implants outside the uterus, complicating it, causing severe cramps and bleeding that endangers the life of the fetus.

  • Spontaneous abortion:  In a miscarriage, remains of the fetus may remain, causing frequent vaginal bleeding.

  • Fibroids and polyps of the uterus:  Uterine tumors usually cause bleeding, these are usually benign, so it is important to see a specialist doctor.

  • Consumption of contraceptives:  Certain contraceptives can damage the uterine mucus, this ends in bleeding. The  Intrauterine Device (IUD)  it is one of the most common.

  • Sexually transmitted diseases and infections:  In this type of pathology, vaginal bleeding is normal, as the part is weak and infected.

  • Cervicitis:  Infection of the cervix.

  • Menopause: Women of menopausal age create vaginal dryness and hormonal imbalance.

Metrorragia, Sangrado Anormal Femenino, MSN Doctor Noticias


The main symptom of metrorrhagia is vaginal bleeding outside of the menstrual period. This type of problem occurs between periods, so it is important to see a doctor the first time it occurs, to verify what hormonal problem you suffer from.

The menstrual period lasts 28 days, but there are women who do not have this cycle regulated. The uterine part can accumulate blood and wait for the next month, this is when damage is created to the uterus that ends in abnormal bleeding of the period. Seeing the doctor is important for him to make the proper diagnosis and know the reason for this disorder.

Before talking to the doctor about the symptoms we have, we must make sure that the bleeding is vaginal and not anal, this confusion can lead to an incorrect diagnosis. Also, it is necessary that the patient has a control of menstrual periods, to be more exact of when the problem started. The specialist doctor must perform certain tests to find out the cause of vaginal bleeding.

They must be performed  blood tests or hemograms, which help to know the hormonal level of the patient. In addition, a  ultrasound, an endometrial biopsy, and a hysteroscopy; These three tests help a deep analysis of the uterus, which is the damaged part in this bleeding process.

Metrorragia, Sangrado Anormal Femenino, MSN Doctor Noticias
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